State Estimates of Child Care Establishments: 2002

Carolyn A. Hronis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Martin T. O'Connell, U.S. Census Bureau

This poster session builds on earlier research examining the characteristics of child care establishments in the United States, differences across states, and factors affecting the availability of child care. We utilize data from the 2002 Economic Census and 2000 Decennial Census to examine three types of child care facilities, (1) non-employer businesses, (2) businesses with a payroll that pay income tax, and (3) businesses with payroll that do not pay income tax. Of the three types of businesses, non-employer child care centers comprise the majority of total child care centers. We find that the Midwest has the largest concentration of child care centers per 1000 children under five, while the South has the lowest concentration of establishments. Nationally, women’s labor force participation, percentage of the population foreign-born, children’s poverty rates, and the availability of alternative child care givers are related to the number of child care centers.

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Presented in Poster Session 4: Inequality, Labor Force, Education, Gender, Race/Ethnicity, Religion, Policy