The Effect of Armed Conflict on Investment in Schooling: Results from Tajikistan

Olga N Shemyakina, University of Southern California

The civil wars and armed conflicts are widespread in less-developed countries. However, there is little empirical research on household and individual response to such conflicts. From 1992 to 1998 Tajikistan was embroiled in one of the most devastating civil conflicts in the Former Soviet Union region. This paper examines the effect of this armed conflict on the accumulation of schooling by combining differences in exposure to the conflict across regions and cohorts using data from the 1999 Tajik Living Standards Survey. I find that homes of 6.8 percent of the households were damaged during the conflict and that 40% of 2000 households live in a community with such damage. The regression results suggest that exposure to the conflict had a significant negative effect on the enrollment of girls of age 14 -16, and, little or, no effect on enrollment of boys and younger children.

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Presented in Poster Session 4: Inequality, Labor Force, Education, Gender, Race/Ethnicity, Religion, Policy